Consent is the explicit approval to engage in sexual activity demonstrated by clear actions or words.
This decision must be made freely and actively by all participants. Non-verbal communication, silence, passivity or lack of active resistance does not imply consent. Consent cannot be inferred from the absence of a “no”; a clear “yes,” verbal or otherwise, is necessary.
In addition, previous participation in sexual activity does not indicate current consent to participate and consent to one form of sexual activity does not imply consent to other forms of sexual activity.
Consent must be ongoing throughout a sexual encounter and can be revoked at any time.
Consent has not been obtained in situations where the individual:
is forced, pressured, manipulated or has reasonable fear that they will be injured if they do not submit to the act;
is incapable of giving consent or is prevented from resisting due to physical or mental incapacity (including being under the influence of drugs or alcohol); or
has a mental or physical disability which inhibits his/her ability to give consent to sexual activity.