Title IX and Athletics

Athletic programs are considered educational programs and activities.

There are three basic parts of Title IX as it applies to athletics.

1. Participation

Title IX requires that women and men be provided equitable opportunities to participate in sports. Title IX does not require institutions to offer identical sports but an equal opportunity to play.

2. Scholarships

Title IX requires that female and male student-athletes receive athletic scholarship dollars proportional to their participation.

3. Other Benefits

Title IX requires the equal treatment of female and male student-athletes in the provisions of the following:

  • Equipment and supplies
  • Scheduling of games and practice times
  • Travel and daily allowance
  • Access to tutoring
  • Coaching
  • Locker rooms, practice and competitive facilities
  • Medical and training facilities and services
  • Publicity and promotions
  • Support services
  • Recruitment of student-athletes

For information about pregnant and parenting student-athletes’ rights, see Title IX and Pregnancy.